The full name of this disorder is Gastro-Esophageal Reflux Disease (GERD). It is a chronic disorder characterized by the reflux of gastric acid to the esophagus. The acid penetrating to the esophageal lumen causes symptoms and findings of reflux.
The most typical symptoms are heartburn, bitter taste in the mouth. These symptoms may emerge in many people from time to time and may indicate to various diseases of the gastrointestinal system. However, patients, who complain every day from these symptoms and believe that their quality of life is impaired, should consult a physician for diagnosis and treatment of a possible reflux disorder. The symptoms may be relieved with certain recommendations and the administration of drugs in most patients diagnosed with reflux. However, surgery is required in 20-30% of patients.
In patients, who complain from heartburn and bitter taste in the mouth nearly every day, diagnosed with esophagitis or gastric hernia via endoscopic examination, use drugs for a long time and became drug-dependent, should be treated with surgical methods.