The weakness or rupture of the membranous structures in the abdominal wall is called an inguinal hernia. It manifests itself with a soft swelling in the groin. It becomes more prominent depending on conditions, which increase the intraabdominal pressure, like coughing, staining, and heavy lifting. The swelling usually disappears in the morning and reappears with walking. Pain may accompany the swelling in some cases. Sometimes it does not cause swelling and/or pain and is diagnosed by chance. Surgery is the treatment of choice. The surgery may be carried out with the open or closed (laparoscopic) techniques. General or regional anesthesia can be preferred. An artificial patch is used during surgery. The patient may be hospitalized for one day, and they will return to normal daily activities in a very short time.
Laparoscopic (Closed) Inguinal Hernia Surgery
In the closed method, a few small incisions are cut near to the hernia instead of one long incision like in the conventional method. The surgery is carried out with a laparoscope (a small tube with a camera on the tip), which is inserted through these small incisions, and certain surgical instruments.