The gallbladder is an alimentary organ, which is in close connection with the bile ducts that transfer bile juices produced in the liver to the bowel. Gallbladder diseases are more common in females and adults over 40. Many problems that have long not been taken seriously may arise from gallbladder while they had been considered to be related to the stomach and bowels for many years.
The main problem is the impairment in the functions related to the bile concentration and secretion. As a result of this, biliary sludge and stones develop. The problems originating from sludge and stones may trigger dangerous diseases. As gallbladder is not a vital organ, its surgical removal is an inevitable solution if its drawbacks outweigh its benefits.
The gall stones emerge if the components of the bile (cholesterol, bile salts, calcium, and so on) or some components of the blood (bilirubin, and so on) form rigid particles, which can obstruct the canals connecting the gallbladder and bile ducts.
They may also develop in cases of incomplete or infrequent emptying of the gallbladder. Their size may vary between a sand grit and a golf ball.
Several factors may increase the risk of gall stones.
Some are as follows:
- Being overweight or obese
- Being a diabetic patient
- Age at 60 or over
- Usage of medication containing estrogen
- Gallstone in family history
- Female gender
- Crohn’s Disease or any disease that impairs the absorption of nutrients
- Cirrhosis and other liver diseases
How are Gallbladder Diseases Treated?
Certain life conditions can increase the risk of gall stone development, so changing the lifestyle may contribute to the management of gallbladder diseases, especially in asymptomatic patients. Weight loss and blood sugar control may decrease the risk of gall stone development. On the other hand, a rapid weight loss may conversely trigger the development of the gall stones. You may contact your physician for further information.
Increasing physical activity may also decrease the gall stone development and simultaneously decrease the triglyceride levels in the blood. Stopping smoking and limiting alcohol consumption are usually recommended.
Analgesics are used in the first development of the gallbladder infection. Several patients have difficulty in coping with the pain and other accompanying symptoms alone at home. You may consult your physician to determine the best treatment method.
Decision on Surgery
If you have a history of multiple episodes of gallbladder infection, surgical intervention can be recommended. Gallbladder surgery is the most effective treatment method for active gallbladder disorders.
The surgical intervention is carried out with an abdominal incision or laparoscopic (closed surgery) method. The small openings on the abdominal wall are used in laparoscopic surgery to accelerate the recovery.
Some patients may experience diarrhea after gallbladder surgery. It usually lasts only a few weeks in most patients. But it may continue for years in rare cases. Please consult your physician if your diarrhea lasts longer than 2 weeks after surgery.